Southeast Loop: Motorbike Guide

Introduction | Motorbike Guide | Travel Information | Map | Video | Images

If you’re looking for a road trip within reach of Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) that takes you to beaches and mountains, but stays off busy main roads; this is it. The beach retreat of Mũi Né and the mountain town of Dalat are both popular tourist destinations, connected to Saigon by busy, dirty and unpleasant highways. But, both Mũi Né and Dalat can also be accessed on quiet, scenic back-roads, passing along empty stretches of coastline and up lofty mountain passes. By staying on these back-roads it’s possible to make a loop from Saigon to Mũi Né, up to Dalat, and back down along the coast to Saigon. This route is 750km and it’s the perfect antidote to the noise, pollution and endless concrete of Saigon. I call it the ‘Saigon Escape Loop’, and below is my motorbike guide.

Take the back-roads through sumptuous rural Vietnam
Take the back-roads through sumptuous rural Vietnam

[Back Top]


I’ve written this motorbike guide in 4 sections; each one corresponding to a day on the road. However, if you have time, it’s much better to spend 5 days to a week on this route. I’ve included my favourite places to stop, sleep and eat in this guide. (A more detailed account of Section 1 can be found in my article ‘The Ocean Road’).

SECTION 1: Saigon to Mũi Né: 220km [MAP]

The first couple hours of any road trip from Saigon are rather busy and dirty. However, you can avoid the horrible Highway 1 out of the city by taking the ‘Back Road’ instead, via the Cát Lái ferry. This is shorter in both time and distance. (For detailed directions for the ‘Back Road’ from Saigon click HERE).

Goodbye, Saigon!
Goodbye, Saigon!

The ‘Back Road’ ends when it meets Highway 51. Turn right (south) towards Bà Rịa Town (40km). After Bà Rịa turn onto Road 44B, through a gentle landscape of rice fields and rocks, and make your way to Lộc An. This is the beginning of a long stretch of coastal road that goes all the way to Mũi Né. I call it the ‘Ocean Road’.

Hello, rural Vietnam
Hello, rural Vietnam

It takes 2-3 hours to reach Lộc An from Saigon, and this is the point at which you feel you’ve finally arrived in rural Vietnam: gone are the traffic, dust and industrial estates of the last couple hours; ahead of you lie beaches, forests and mountains.

The road winds through dense mangrove and meandering muddy rivers before passing the discreet entrance to one of the classiest resorts in the area, Hồ Tràm Beach Resort & Spa ( Stop here for a coffee at the beach bar, or, if you’ve had enough driving for one day, stay the night in one of the luxurious yet tasteful thatched bungalows here.

For cheaper, guesthouse accommodation head to Hồ Tràm crossroads. There’s also a superb, cheap and informal seafood market/restaurant here, where you can dine on a kilo of grilled oysters for 50,000VNĐ ($2.50). For more details about this restaurant and the surrounding guesthouses click HERE.


Fresh oysters: $2.50 a kilo at Hồ Tràm
Fresh oysters: $2.50 a kilo

As the road continues towards Hồ Cốc beach you’ll see the new, brash Grand Casino & Resort ( This is the first development of what will become a string of high-end, extravagant gambling complexes in the style of Las Vegas and Macau, which, for better or worse, will transform this area.

A couple minutes from The Grand, at the Hồ Cốc crossroads, is the Vên Vên Hotel ( Set in the shade of big tropical trees, the restaurant here is perfect for a lunch stop. Try the grilled tamarind shrimp and steamed mustard leaf with ginger. (For more details about Vên Vên Hotel & Restaurant click HERE).

After Hồ Cốc the road hugs the coast: on one side is dense forest, on the other a long, empty beach dotted with wandering cattle.

Around LagiTake a right at the intersection with Highway 55, heading towards the fishing town of Lagi (25km). There’s a good beach just a few minutes from town which is slowly seeing more development. Stop for a drink and a swim (or stay the night) at Ba Thật Resort ( I’ve always had a soft spot for this bustling little seaside town. Although the town itself isn’t particularly pretty, it’s surrounded by rice fields and beaches, and there’s a huge fleet of wooden boats that squeeze into the harbour during the day. In the evenings there’s a cool, salty breeze that seems to cleanse the town of the day’s fierce heat. Good street food is available on the high-street, and there’s an unusual, youthful buzz for such a small place. If you’re looking for a ‘genuine’ Vietnamese beach that’s not on the tourist trail, Lagi fits the bill nicely. (If you decide to stay the night in Lagi, don’t miss the best breakfast in town: click HERE for details)

Drying fish on the road to Kê GàThe stretch of road from Lagi to Kê Gà Hamlet (30km) goes through the kind of rural Vietnam that most travellers don’t see. The road narrows and potholes puncture the surface. The landscape isn’t so much beautiful as it is fascinating. All around are crops and smells that are typical of the area: bright pink dragon fruit, white salt flats, luminous rice fields, mango trees, papaya, ponds of lotus flowers, coconut palms, cashew trees, wooden trestles in the sun laden with drying fish, and ox-drawn carts full of hay. Life seems to move at a different pace here; it feels a long way from the rapidly growing, industrializing cities.

The lighthouse at Kê GàEventually, the road widens again just before reaching Kê Gà hamlet. This area is receiving a trickle of tourists these days, who make a day trip down from Mũi Né to visit the French-built Kê Gà Lighthouse. The lighthouse (constructed in 1899) is on a small island just a few hundred metres from Kê Gà beach. You can take a small boat and climb to the top of the lighthouse for amazing views back over the beaches and ocean. The boat ride is 200,000VNĐ ($10) for up to 4 passengers, and 50,000VNĐ ($2.50) for each additional passenger after that. Many informal ‘boat operators’ offer the trip, but the best option is Sóng Biển Café (0942 336 316), which is right on the seafront, down a sandy road at Kê Gà hamlet. Even if you don’t take the boat trip, Sóng Biển Café is a good spot for a coffee with views towards the lighthouse island.

The next 30km from Kê Gà to Phan Thiết is a beautiful drive along the coast. This area is fast becoming a southern extension of the resort-studded Mũi Né: each time I pass through there are new beachfront developments here. For the time being, it’s still very quiet and relaxed along this beach. Almost all the accommodation here is tasteful and mid to high-end. If you want to stay in a comfortable resort away from the tourists of Mũi Né, any of these resorts will do.

Beach north of Kê GàThe road climbs up a steep incline (known, for some reason, as ‘Cambodia Slope’) and heads inland before dropping down into Phan Thiết, a large seaside town just 10km south of Mũi Né. I like Phan Thiết – it’s full of good street food and has a lively, local atmosphere – and I often choose to stay here rather than Mũi Né. However, most people prefer to weave their way through Phan Thiết and continue to the famous beach retreat of Mũi Né. Despite being one of the most popular beach destinations in Vietnam, Mũi Né still retains a calm, laid-back atmosphere. For cheap digs on the beach, head to Hồng Di (70 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu Street). For style, taste and comfort try the ever-popular Mia Resort (formerly the ‘Sailing Club Resort’): The latter also serves excellent western food; for local food head to the Bờ Kè area, where informal restaurants set up each night selling fresh seafood by the ocean.

Phan Thiết harbour at dusk[Back Top]

SECTION 2: Mũi Né to Dalat: 150km [MAP]

Coast road north-east of Mũi NéThe ride from Mũi Né to Dalat is beautiful and quiet: it takes you from sea level to 1,500 feet; from empty beaches to forested mountains; from the scorching coastal plains to the cool, damp highlands. A lot of changes take place in just 150km of driving.

Take the seafront road in Mũi Né due east, past all the resorts and round the peninsular, towards the famous red and white sand dunes. This is a well-made, empty and spectacular road cutting along two long, undeveloped beaches. After passing the white sand dunes on your right the landscape becomes increasingly desert-like. Only one crop seems to grow here: cassava plantations stretch as far as you can see.

After an hour (50km) the road drops down to meet Highway 1, at which point there’s an enticing view north towards the foothills of the Annamite Mountains, which is where you’re headed. Turn right onto Highway 1 and immediately left onto the Lương Sơn-Đại Ninh road.

Weather, colours & foliage change towards the mountains
Weather, colours & foliage change as you approach the mountains

Suddenly, the scenery becomes lusher, and hills cloaked in eucalyptus trees grow up around the road, their scent perfuming the air. As you drive deeper along the plains, the mountains loom larger, clouds often bubbling up behind them. You can even feel the fresh mountain air coming down from the highlands, mingling with the heat of the plains, and cooling the oppressive temperature slightly. It’s no surprise that the weather can change very rapidly on this route, especially after the road snakes around the Đại Ninh reservoir and very abruptly starts its meandering ascent up to the highlands. The switchbacks on the Đại Ninh Pass are sharp and steep. It doesn’t take long before immense views open up: looking back south you can see the burning plains, crisscrossed by rivers winding all the way to the desolate sand dunes and hot beaches of Mũi Né; to the east and west the jungled ridges of the Annamite Mountains rise diagonally, before disappearing into clouds.

Sweet scented coffee blossomThe moment of transition between hot, coastal lowlands and cool highlands never fails to excite me. Visually and climatically the changes are obvious: beaches to mountains; rice fields to forests; hot to cool. But it’s the smell more than anything else that announces your arrival in the central highlands: damp earth, drying coffee, wood smoke, pine needles, coffee blossom, and tea leaves. And then there’s the light; luminous and sharp with the distinctive purple ‘Annamite tinge’. It’s enough to inspire the romantic in anyone, even in the mist and rain; but only if you avoid the dust and trucks of the main Dalat highway, by staying on these back-roads.

Once at the top of the pass the road heads over a heavily cultivated plateau, where you’ll see the first coffee plantations on this route. Sadly, at Ninh Gia there’s no choice but to join Highway 20, the main road to Dalat. Although it’s only 40km, I hate this stretch of road: it can get busy with trucks carrying heavy loads of agricultural goods, tourist coaches and minivans driving like lunatics, and parts of the road are in awful condition. It’s dangerous and unpleasant, but it only takes an hour before you hit the Prenn Pass, which leads 10km up through pine forests to Dalat.

Reservoir near Ninh Gia, 40km south of DalatThe charms of Dalat may not at first seem obvious, especially to a traveller from Western Europe looking to escape to some tropical sunshine. But, it’s the cooler climate here that’s made Dalat famous: the colonial French used to come to Dalat to escape the heat of the lowlands, and today, Vietnamese tourists and foreign expats do the same. To ‘get’ Dalat you have to ‘get’ this extreme change and the affect it has on you: it seems extraordinary that just two hours ago you were applying sunscreen to your red forearms, but now you’re shivering in your jeans and jacket. Dalat is not a particularly pretty city or one with many worthy sights, so it’s precisely this ‘air’ that is the main ‘attraction’. Sleeping without air-con or a fan, wearing clothes other than T-shirts and shorts, not constantly perspiring, eating hot food to keep warm, drinking hot coffee instead of iced coffee, hot artichoke tea instead of cold jasmine tea, feeling cosy – these are all ‘highlights’ of Dalat. Strange as it may seem, these are the main reasons (or mine, at least) for visiting Dalat, and, having driven up from the baking coastal lowlands, you should be in a good position to appreciate the cool Dalat air.

View of Hồ Xuân Hương Lake, Dalat, at dusk
The 'air' of Dalat & the 'Annamite tinge' at dusk

Dalat is full of hotels: for a cheaper room try Phương Vy (Lô 4, Phạm Ngũ Lão Street: 063 6539 739). For those who want to experience colonial luxury, the French villas at Anna Mandara ( are among the best, most atmospheric luxury accommodations in Vietnam. Don’t miss nem nướng, a Dalat speciality of roll-your-own rice paper wraps: try the popular Bà Hùng Restaurant at D51-52 Hoàng Văn Thụ Street. The central highlands is the coffee belt of Vietnam; try Windmills Coffee Shop ( for a young, ‘cutesy’ cup of Joe and cakes, or head to Bà Năm Café (13 Phan Bội Châu Street) for a classic, old-style local coffee house, where wise old men stoop over tiny glasses of hot coffee and tea throughout the day.


[Back Top]

SECTION 3: Dalat to Phan Thiết: 180km [MAP]

The route from Dalat back down to the coast at Phan Thiết can be broken down into two very different halves. The first is the 80km drive southwest to Di Linh Town, on Highway 20, the main Dalat road. As I mentioned before, this is rather unpleasant due to traffic and road conditions. There are occasional glimpses of interesting highland landscape, but the entire area is so heavily cultivated that there’s very little forest left to see.

Tea & lunch at Tâm Châu restaurant, Di LinhAfter a couple hours you’ll reach Di Linh, which is a nice enough town for a lunch stop and a taste of oolong tea – which grows locally – at the Tâm Châu Restaurant (521 Hùng Vương Street). Good, cheap rooms are available at Mai Khanh Guesthouse (530 Hùng Vương Street) if you arrive late and need a place to stay. There’s also a fantastic place to eat nem nướng that’s even better that what you get in Dalat: Nem Nướng My is at 896 Hùng Vương, Di Linh’s main street.

At a crossroads in Di Linh there’s a left (south) turn signposted to Phan Thiết: this is Road 28, the beginning of the second half of the ride back to the coast. From here to the sea it’s 100km of gorgeous, winding mountain road, with hardly any traffic.

Terraced rice fields around Di Linh

The first section of this road goes through a lovely farmed landscape of coffee, tea and pine plantations. Terraced rice fields climb up the contours of the gentle valleys, the curving terraces echoing each other and fanning out, getting wider towards the valley floor, like ripples on the surface of still water. In the middle of this bucolic area there’s a new resort – far off the beaten path – which is well-worth stopping at for a night or two. Juliet’s Villa Resort ( is signposted to the right 10km after leaving Di Linh. It’s run by a friendly Vietnamese-Korean couple who have put a lot of time and care into this mini-resort. There’s a handful of villa-style rooms dotted around a pool in a beautifully landscaped garden. Prices are reasonable and they even have a private waterfall, with a walkway leading behind the cascade.

Not long after passing Juliet’s Villa Resort the road begins to climb up the jungled slopes of the Di Linh Plateau. Once at the top there are marvelous views, glimpsed through the trees, down into densely wooded valleys. The grim, very poor-looking village of Gia Bắc sits atop the crest of the last mountain, before the beginning of the descent to the lowlands and coastal plains. On a clear day you can see all the way to the East (South China) Sea as you glide through the hairpin bends, avoiding the arcing branches of bamboo, that appear to have broken free from the rest of the jungle.

View from Gia Bắc, before the descentIt’s not until the bottom of this pass that you become aware of the dramatic change in temperature once more: the sun regains its sting, and a sticky humidity fills the air. The next 30km to Phan Thiết is flat and relatively unremarkable. When Road 28 hits Highway 1, you can choose whether to continue straight on to Phan Thiết and Mũi Né and spend the night there, or turn right towards the beaches around Kê Gà Lighthouse and Lagi (as mentioned in Section 1).

[Back Top]

SECTION 4: The Beach to Saigon: 220km or less [MAP]

After a night or two by the beach, it’s just a matter of retracing the ‘Ocean Road’ and the ‘Back Road’ all the way back into Saigon. See Section 1 of this guide to remind yourself of the route, or have a look at my ‘Ocean Road’ article for more detailed information about the beaches, sights, and road south of Mũi Né to Saigon.

The 'Ocean Road' back to Saigon

[Back Top]


The weather is always unpredictable when you’re driving from the coast to the mountains. However, the peak dry season months from December to February is by far the best time to visit for both the beaches and the mountains. Most other times of year the weather will be a mixed bag: generally, the tropical downpours on the coast don’t last long enough to ruin your day, but the light rain in the mountains can be more persistent. However, there’s something atmospheric about the rain, mist and vapour hanging over the ridges and peaks in the central highlands.

Motorbike hire in Saigon is fairly straightforwardMotorbike hire in Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) is fairly straight forward. The backpacker area of Pham Ngu Lao has plenty of signs advertising ‘bikes for rent’. Most reputable in this area is Chi’s Café ( Tucked down an alleyway, Chi has been renting bikes to expats for years. Saigon Scooter Rental ( has a good website which tells you everything you need to know about renting from them. The similarly named Saigon Scooter Centre ( is another well-established place to buy or rent a bike.



[Back Top]


View ‘Saigon Escape Loop’ in a LARGER MAP

[Back Top]


 A montage of clips from the Saigon Escape Loop:

[Back Top]









[Back Top]

Selected Resources for Travellers & Expats:  What's this?

This entry was posted in ALL, Beaches, Central Highlands, Coastal, Dalat, DESTINATIONS, MOTORBIKE GUIDES, Mountains, Mountains, Mui Ne, The South, The South and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

51 Responses to Southeast Loop: Motorbike Guide

  1. Cristina says:

    Hi Tom!

    First of all thank you for this amazing website!! It is really very helpful :)
    I am currently living in Ho Chi Minh and my family is coming in July, we don’t have a lot of time so I am thinking about taking a flight to Da Lat and rent there some motorbikes to go to Mui Ne and then back to Da Lat.

    Do you know if it’s possible to rent motorbikes in Da Lat? I have made a quick scan on the internet and sent some emails but I didn’t find a clear answer..
    And in case it is possible, do we need to take our own helmets or insurance?

    Thank you very much!!

  2. Tanya Rongkavilit says:

    Hi Tom,

    Thank you for all the information. We are planning to do a week to one and a half week in Vietnam this X’mas/New Year. We are a little apprehensive with doing it on a motorbike and was wondering if we can still follow your guide using a car.

    Thank you so much!

  3. Sebastiaan says:

    Hi Tom, user your website a lot while traveling through Vietnam the last weeks. I just came down from Dalat today and in mui Ne now using your roadmap backwards. But before Saigon i want to stop once, what do you suggest. Stopping in La Gi or Long Hai? And any suggestions for lodging between 10-25$.

    Sebastiaan from Holland

  4. Maz says:

    Thanks for this amazing write up!

    A few of us are heading up from Saigon this weekend to do a slightly different route and I’d love some advice. We’re getting the train from Saigon to Phan Thiet, and then planning to go straight up to Dalat. I see you have done two different routes for this… would you recommend the ride to Mui Ne and then inland from there, or the ride straight inland from Phan Thiet? We’ll be coming back down from Dalat to Cam Ranh, and then looping back to Mui Ne (with a night’s break), so we will only be doing the Phan Thiet – Dalat section once. Obviously we won’t be able to hit the road until around 11am once we’re off the train… is it still doable to get to Dalat in that time?

    Would love your advice!

  5. Pingback: Binh Thuan Back-Roads: Inland Loop » Vietnam Coracle

  6. Pingback: Dragons’ Graveyard: Mui Dinh Coast Road » Vietnam Coracle

  7. Giuseppe says:

    Hey Tom,

    Im currently in my second year of living in Vietnam. My friends are planning to visit during the TET holiday and they really want to see Vietnam. I have heard many people say, however, that Vietnam is quiet and everyone returns to their home towns and villages during TET.

    I have suggested to my friends that we either go elsewhere in South East Asia, but Im not sure.

    Have you travelled at all in Vietnam during TET?
    What about doing the Sapa loop?

    I guess I am just looking for a second opinion.

    Cheers and great blog by the way… super helpful.

  8. Khan says:

    Hey Tom,

    Another quick q!

    We are planning to do Mui Ne > Dalat > Nha Trang. Going to and coming out of Nha Trang obviously includes hilly terrains. Will this be hard with 2 of us on 1 bike and carry around 15kg luggage total? We’re both quite light!

    Is the road particularly dangerous as well? Im talking about gorges and falling off the road, as opposed to trucks here.

    Do let me know :)

  9. Pingback: The Burnt Road: Inland Ninh Thuan Province » Vietnam Coracle

  10. Sami K says:


    Thanks so much for sharing your experience. Incredibly helpful.

    Can you let me know, if one sets out in the morning 11 AM ish, roughly how many KMs can he expect to cover in a day on average? (assuming that you stop riding when the sun goes). I am an advanced beginner and don’t like riding more than 60km/ph speed.

    You’re more knowledgable with the terrain and traffic so thought you might be able to help!


  11. Markus says:

    Hi Tom! Thank you verey much for your amazing guides! I am coming to Vietnam tomorrow and with my gf we would like to do motorbike trip. She does not have a driving licence though (but she can do drive). Is it fine if we both ride one motorbike or should we despite borrow two of them? And do you know if any street food there could be vegan? I asked my friends from there but they didn’t know of anything. Thank you very much for your answer!

  12. Teri says:

    Thank you for this great post! I would have a question.. I don’t have driving licence that would allowe me to drive motorbike 125 ccm. Is it possible to manage this route with motorbike 50ccm? If so how long would it take? Thank you very much.

  13. Caitlin says:

    Thanks for posting all this info – I’ve found it all really helpful! I’m about to set off out of Mui Ne heading towards HCMC. I’m on a bicycle though, and was wondering if it’s possible for a bike to go through the tunnel you mention getting into the city? Otherwise I’ll be looking at taking the Phú Mỹ Bridge, which just adds a few km’s I imagine I won’t want to be doing in the middle of the day heat this place is getting right now!

  14. Sharon says:

    Hi Tom, great website! We plan to do this trip next April hoping the weather will be ok this time of year. Are we able to hire a bigger bike as I plan to travel on the back with my husband.the loop trip from Ho Chi Min sounds fantastic ! We plan to follow your guide.

  15. Pingback: Bao Dai Waterfall » Vietnam Coracle

  16. Pingback: Two Months on a Motorbike » Vietnam Coracle

  17. Shruti says:

    Hi Tom,
    I started planning my trip to Vietnam about a month back and that’s when I came across your website. I must tell you that all the data you have compiled has proved to be a very helpful resource. Thanks a ton for putting this information together.
    I am planning the exact same trip; except that I will be there for 10 nights and am planning to visit NHA Trang as well. I have the same questions as Yusoff so you can forward the same response to me as well!  And I have a couple more queries:
    1) Given the time frame of 10 day, I am not sure if I would be able to drive from Saigon to NHA Trang (via Mui Ne and Da Lat) and all the way back to Saigon. In your opinion would it be better to just drive one way and get the bike back to Saigon in a train or a bus. (I read that this is possible but I wanted to know if this is a good idea)
    2) I am travelling with my husband and I was wondering if renting one bike and riding pillion would be a good idea? Or do you suggest renting two bikes.
    I am sorry to burden you with so many questions, but a response from you would be really helpful.

  18. Neville foley says:

    Hi Tom nev foley here I’m going to do southeast trip but from dalat I will head north via coast road if you could let me know of places to stay on route be much appreciated. Ihope to buy used nuovo3 in HCMC any recommendations of where to buy thanking you N foley

  19. Syifa says:

    Thanks again Tom. Safe travels wherever you are!

  20. Syifa says:

    Hey Tom!

    I cant thank you enough for this very detailed and informative post. Your post is very spot on and helpful for those who have limited days in Vietnam and wish to experice it differently. My question would be, without stopping here and there, is it possible to spend 4 days in total from Saigon to Mui Ne, to Da Lat and back to Saigon? I will depart from Saigon in the early morning perhaps around 7am.

  21. Amos boey says:

    Hello there I have the exact same question to ask as Al hakeem yusoff!
    Could you send me your answer too!
    Thank you so much!

  22. Pingback: Day 6: Vung Tau to Mui Ne. Ouch. | Tayles

  23. Al Haqeem Yusoff says:

    Hello, Good day to you. I recently came across you blog regarding the possibility of riding from saigon to mui ne and dalat respectively. This is the exact kind of trip that i need for my trip this november. This will be my second time in vietnam but i would very much like to be able to explore vietnam deeper than before, i am much into beaches, sceneries, mountain passes lush greeneries, hidden gems and of course road trips. I will be making the trip from Saigon through the cat lai ferry as you have directed in your blog. I will be spending a total of 8 nights as a total for this trip. I am wondering if that is enough. My plan is to actually start from saigon in the early morning of a monday around 10:30 am and start making my way to cat lai ferry and hopefully begin my journey to Mui ne. Is it possible for me to reach Mui ne before it gets dark? And are the bikes that i will be renting considered reliable for this trip? I am not planning to make any stopover until i reach mui ne. Maybe a couple stop for gas/food/scenery and a couple beaches. But i would still want to reach mui ne before dark. (If you could be so kind as to help me out with an estimation, How long will the ride to Mui ne take?) And stay there for maybe 3 nights before making my way straight to Dalat. How long will the ride to Dalat be?

    I am sorry to impose all these question to you, but please know that your help will be greatly appreciated.

    Thank you very much for your time.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>